This primary resource introduces children to a natural environment that is different from their own; the volcanoes of Ecuador. Discover how physical geography shapes the Earth. What is a volcano? How tall is the world’s highest volcano? Where in the world is the ‘Avenue Of The Volcanoes’ found?

Pupils will learn about the features of volcanoes and how they come to exist in our National Geographic Kids’ volcanoes primary resource sheet.

The teaching resource can be used in study group tasks for learning more about the characteristics of volcanoes, as a printed handout for each pupil to review and annotate, or for display on the interactive whiteboard to share the information and photographs included in the resource and for class discussion.

Activity: Ask children to copy the ‘What is a volcano’ diagram into their own workbooks and label it. Pupils could then write down the steps of a volcano eruption and annotate the diagram by labelling the parts of the volcano with the step number that takes place there. Pupils could use the resource sheet as a starting point for their own research on the natural landscape and volcano ranges of Ecuador and use this to produce a leaflet about the country.


N.B. The following information for mapping the resource documents to the school curriculum is specifically tailored to the English National Curriculum and Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. We are currently working to bring specifically tailored curriculum resource links for our other territories; including South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. If you have any queries about our upcoming curriculum resource links, please email:


This Geography primary resource assists with teaching the following Geography objectives from the National Curriculum:

  • Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features.


National Curriculum Key Stage 2 Geography objective:

  • Pupils should be taught to: describe and understand key aspects of: physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle


This Geography primary resource assists with teaching the following Social Studies Second level objective from the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence:

  • I can describe the physical processes of a natural disaster and discuss its impact on people and the landscape


Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Third level Social Studies objective:

  • Having investigated processes which form and shape landscapes, I can explain their impact on selected landscapes in Scotland, Europe and beyond.
  • I can identify the possible consequences of an environmental issue and make informed suggestions about ways to manage the impact.


Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Fourth level Social Studies objective:

  • I can explain how the interaction of physical systems shaped and continue to shape the Earth’s surface by assessing their impact on contrasting landscape types.


Download primary resource



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  • Jandramat

    So glad to have found this excellent resource.

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