Ready for the lowdown one one of nature’s most fascinating birds? Then check out our ten puffin facts!

Puffin Facts

Top ten puffin facts

1. Nicknamed “sea parrots” – and sometimes “clowns of the sea“! – Atlantic puffins have black and white feathers and a large parrot-like beak. They are small seabirds measuring around 25cm in length.

2. Puffins spend most of their lives out at sea, resting on the waves when not swimming. Their range spans the eastern coast of Canada and the United States to the western coast of Europe.

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3. A puffin’s beak (or bill) changes colour during the year. In winter, the beak has a dull grey colour, but in spring it blooms with an outrageous orange! It’s thought that the bright colour helps puffins assess potential mates.

4. Puffins are carnivores and live off small fish such as herring, hake and sand eels.

5. Puffins are fab flyers, flapping their wings up to 400 times a minute and speeding through the air at up to 88km an hour. Wow!

6. What’s more, these brilliant birds are great swimmers, too! Using their webbed feet as a rudder, puffins can dive down 60m under water in search of their favourite fish.

7. In spring and summer, thousands of puffins gather in colonies on the coasts and islands of the North Atlantic Ocean to breed. They usually pair up with the same partner as previous years – some may have been together for 20 years!

8. When starting a puffin family, our feathered friends dig out a burrow using their sharp claws and beak, usually in a grassy bank or rocky crevice. At the back of their burrow home, they build a nest lined with feathers and grass where the female lays her egg. Both parents take it in turn to incubate the egg for the next 36-45 days before the baby “puffling” hatches!

9. In the wild, these winged wonders live for around 20 years. Their main predators are hungry gulls, which can snatch puffins mid-flight or swoop down and scoop their tasty treat from the ground – so they need to keep alert!

10. Although puffins are not classed as an endangered species, populations in some places are in decline. The main threats are overfishing, which can lead to a shortage of food for puffins, and pollution – particularly oil spills. Not only does the oil make these beautiful birds sick, it destroys their waterproof feathers, essential for their survival.

puffin facts

Has our puffin facts inspired you to check out the super seabirds for yourself? Below are some of the UK and Ireland’s puffin hot spots – venture over between March and July to witness some serious puffin power!

– St Kilda
– Craigleith Island
– Isle of May National Nature Reserve
– Orkney Islands
– John O’Groats (surrounding coastline)
– Cape Wrath
– Fair Isle
– Shetland Islands
– Staffa Island
– Inner Hebrides

– Skomer Island, Pembrokeshire
– Skokholm Island
– South Stack, Anglesey

– The Farne Islands, Northumberland
– Coquet Island, Northumberland
– Bempton Cliffs, North Yorkshire
– South Stack, Anglesey

Channel Islands
– Burhou, Channel Islands
– Herm (east/south coast)

Northern Ireland
– Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland

– Great Saltee
– Cliffs of Moher, County Clare
– Horn Head, County Donegal
– Puffin Island, County Kerry

Photos: Georgia Harrison

Enjoyed our puffin facts? Let us know which was your favourite by leaving a comment below!




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  • BOB

    Its a picture of PUFFIN!!!!

  • Help the puffins!

  • Idk

  • Fresh

  • DAnMan


  • idk

    it was cool

  • Woah!

  • Carlin

    cool that is AMAZING

  • kool


    These are such amazing facts! Thanks NGKIDS!



  • amazing

  • Jessica

    I love how easy it is to understand what it all means

  • 123456789QWERTY

    Yay Puffins!!


    Puffins are beautiful

  • Erin


  • pierre

    some birds are interesting like the puffin. but they have different facts.

  • Hannah

    Wow I love puffins. They are amazing puffin fact's

  • jamie12o4

    wow puffins are so cool maby the best sea bird.

  • Jayden

    Puffins are cute and why are one of the nicknames clowns of the sae

  • isabelle

    i love puffins

  • jacobson

    I held a puffin once.

  • Katie

    This is the most helpful website for my puffin project!

  • Juju

    omg! I love birds and this is amazing! thanks!!!

  • Zinzi

    This was so cool I didn't know these facts about Puffins! AWESOME!!!:)

  • Puffin

    really helped to make my report

  • bethnteddy

    I love puffins I went to see them. I also found the facts helpful as I'm learning about puffins

  • this is awesome

  • 3rd grade

    great facts

  • frozenfire

    wow so cute

  • Vicky

    Love it ❤️

  • Robin

    This is very helpful for projects

  • Yasmamzine

    Thank you very much for this amazing info. I really needed it for a project I am doing on puffins.

  • riverside

    we love puffins

  • amyyyy


  • ruby_eb123

    Thank you for the cool facts. this was part of my homework

  • GiraffoPops

    I never knew puffins could be so interesting!

  • Jack puffin

    Awesome! Really interesting facts, thank you

  • Emmzo

    I went to Holy island on the 7th of August 2016 and bought some puffin souveniers then I came back wanting to find out more!

  • Catkermie

    Puffling is such cute name for baby puffins.

  • pupster

    this realy helped me

  • sammy


  • Cocopebbles1324

    This helped me allot with my assignment at School. THANKS!!!

  • bryanna

    i love it

  • victor1234


  • Frankie

    LOL cool

  • lole


  • ab


  • IlluminatiTriforce6

    This helped me a lot when I typed my report about Puffins! Thanks!

  • Maxim

    You guys Fuk

  • Maxim

    Thank you

  • ariana223

    love it

  • PuffinLoverCanada

    Lots of puffins in Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada

  • dolphinlover123

    thanks for helping me! this was my homework!

  • Diamond ore

    Good I have to do a project on Scotland Id give it 100 100

  • PuffinPower


  • Poohead


  • Dinokewl

    I <3 Puffins :3

  • Harleigh

    Cool photos

  • Mills


  • Puffinlover22


  • Puffinlover22

    i really enjoyed learning about puffins. gonna show it to my friends.

  • jkhghjgadfvjuhyfgJ

    I love puffin they rock

  • dhieuw


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  • dhieuw


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    p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p pp p p p p p p pp p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p puffins

  • dhieuw


  • dhieuw


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    iiiiiiiiiiiii llllllooooovvvvvvvvveeeeee pppppppopuuuuuuffffff ffffffffiiiiiiiiiinnnnnnnnsssssss ................................................................................................................................................

  • dhieuw


  • blake

    puffins are cool

  • sdfhk


  • Cameil parham -119


  • Cameil parham -119

    Aka the fact that I read was

  • Cameil parham -119

    The fact that I have read is so

  • Demarius


  • Demarius


  • superwolfycat

    wow it helped me a lot thanks

  • superwolfycat

    thanks for the facts my homework is done

  • jenny201

    this rally helped thank you

  • Korben

    This is so cool thanks!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Andy pearson


  • cholut

    thos facts about puffins are unbleavble

  • lon

    this is cool

  • lon

    oh my god I hate it

  • analiese

    these facts are amazingly cool

  • Hook

    mind blow I did not know a quarter of these facts

  • Hook

    Mind Blow

  • Hook

    Puffins are amazing! Thank you for writing all of these ten great facts, theyre awesome !!!

  • Suzanna

    Thank you for all the information about puffins, it really helped me.

  • ney

    were is a life cycle ...... helppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppp

  • Hannha105


  • Hannah

    Thank you for the information about the animals and the other things.You are the best website ever since well, ever.

  • edgar

    this is awesome

  • bertie

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  • Dogbane at

    I love puffins

  • Dogbane at

    I like puffins so much

  • roseabell

    thanks for helping me learn more about puffins! *****

  • DarkFoxy

    Amazing, there cute and i can find this Information on my Schools project!!! YEEAAHHHHHHHHH!!!

  • Nicolette

    I would really loooooooooooooove to see puffins but when Im on holiday, Ive never seen them!

  • Loocas

    There very cute

  • raya


  • puffins

    i love puffins!!!!!

  • jeffjeff111


  • joshhp


  • nally


  • puffin padington

    This is brilliant! I love puffins more than ever:-)

  • nikee


  • Corky singer 552

    Thanks for ur help on my homework

  • Idaho


  • browntrumpetzebrafish

    I like any type of bird but I LOVE puffins and knowing these amazing facts make me love them even more!!!

  • Marija

    Puffins are such cute animals, cooo facts NG kids

  • emmy1213

    I love puffins! Im doing a project and this website helped a lot. I went to see puffins on Skomer Island and they are so cute!

  • Nadezhda


  • Blop

    Puffins are cool

  • wildlifegeographyforkids


  • Boberylittletrain

    I love puffins. thanks, this sites wonderful

  • TomSawyer

    It was so helpful. It helped me on my report. they are cute

  • TomSawyer

    It was so helpful. I got all the inphormation I needed about Puffins.

  • sniperandthewiffin

    EPIC!!!! Once again I love puffins! I just cant get enough!!! Thanks a bunch, Sally and peeps xx

  • andrew123

    puffens are cool and they are cute

  • Niamh 123

    im doing a project on puffins and this website helped alot

  • AbigailCute

    I love your facts about puffins.


    I like puffins

  • amy

    yes. now i know about puffins. i love your website.

  • plop


  • Baud

    I Loy puffin

  • awesome_tomboy

    Thanks sooooo much I needed this for giving out feedback to my fourth grade students. Im a sixth grader.

  • Emma

    This site helped me to do the rest of my school work

  • puffy

    i think this is amazing i never know so much about puffins

  • puffinlover

    They are amazing birds

  • lilia


  • Puppy

    So so cute

  • Maisie

    I love puffins. The other day I won the gloustershire nature quiz finals and the trophy was a puffin!

  • dobby

    this website was very helpful thanks

  • Lennon


  • Shanzie

    I just received the magazine in the post .

  • Shanzie

    Cool puffin facts

ANZ subs takeover March 2020 MPU

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