Sea safari: Animals primary resource
Find out what’s lurking in the mangroves of Mauritius
This primary resource introduces children to several different species of sea creature. Discover what lives in the mangroves of Mauritius. Which creature’s shell used to be used as money on tropical islands? What special defence does the sea cucumber have? How many venomous spines does the stonefish have?
Pupils will learn about the weird and wonderful creatures that make the mangroves their habitat in our National Geographic Kids’ Science primary resource sheet.
The teaching resource can be used in study group tasks for discussion about different fish and invertebrates, and how they are adapted to their habitats. It could be used as a printed handout for each pupil to review and highlight, or for display on the interactive whiteboard for class discussion.
Activity: Ask children to participate in a class vote on their favourite sea creature from the primary resource sheet. Can they give reasons for their choices? Pupils could use their individual print-outs to make flash cards about each species from the mangroves. As a class exercise, challenge pupils to answer questions by holding up the correct flash card/s (i.e. Which creatures eat fish poop? Which of these creatures don’t have eyes?, etc.).
N.B. The following information for mapping the resource documents to the school curriculum is specifically tailored to the English National Curriculum and Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. We are currently working to bring specifically tailored curriculum resource links for our other territories; including South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. If you have any queries about our upcoming curriculum resource links, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org
This Animals primary resource assists with teaching the following Key Stage 1 Science (Year 1) objectives from the National Curriculum:
Pupils should be taught to:
- identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals
- describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets)
Pupils might work scientifically by: using their observations to compare and contrast animals at first hand or through videos and photographs, describing how they identify and group them; grouping animals according to what they eat; and using their senses to compare different textures, sounds and smells.
National Curriculum Key Stage 1 Science (Year 2) objective:
Pupils should be taught to:
- identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other
- describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food.
Pupils should be introduced to the idea that all living things have certain characteristics that are essential for keeping them alive and healthy. They should raise and answer questions that help them to become familiar with the life processes that are common to all living things. Pupils should be introduced to the terms ‘habitat’ (a natural environment or home of a variety of plants and animals) and ‘micro-habitat’ (a very small habitat, for example for woodlice under stones, logs or leaf litter).
Pupils should compare animals in familiar habitats with animals found in less familiar habitats, for example, on the seashore, in woodland, in the ocean, in the rainforest.
Pupils should be taught to: find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)
Pupils should be introduced to the basic needs of animals for survival, as well as the importance of exercise and nutrition for humans.
National Curriculum Lower Key Stage 2 Science (Year 3) objective:
Pupils should be taught to: identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat
Pupils might compare and contrast the diets of different animals (including their pets) and decide ways of grouping them according to what they eat. They might research different food groups and how they keep us healthy and design meals based on what they find out.
National Curriculum Lower Key Stage 2 Science (Year 4) objective:
Pupils should be taught to:
- recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways
- explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment
- recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things
This Animals primary resource assists with teaching the following Sciences First level objectives from the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence:
- I can explore examples of food chains and show an appreciation of how animals and plants depend on each other for food.
Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Second level Sciences objectives:
- I can identify and classify examples of living things, past and present, to help me appreciate their diversity. I can relate physical and behavioural characteristics to their survival or extinction.
- I can use my knowledge of the interactions and energy flow between plants and animals in ecosystems, food chains and webs. I have contributed to the design or conservation of a wildlife area.
Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Third level Sciences objectives:
- I can sample and identify living things from different habitats to compare their biodiversity and can suggest reasons for their distribution.
Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Fourth level Sciences objectives:
- I understand how animal and plant species depend on each other and how living things are adapted for survival. I can predict the impact of population growth and natural hazards on biodiversity.
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