Discover the life of Anne Frank, the young Jewish girl who was forced into hiding during World War II, in our Anne Frank facts…

All people should be treated equally, right? Well, sadly, throughout history, there have been many people who have been treated differently because of where they come from, what religion they follow, or whether they’re a boy or a girl. And sometimes, this still happens today!

Thankfully, the incredible stories that people leave behind can be used to educate and inspire people to be kinder to one another, no matter their background. One such story, is that of Anne Frank…

 

Anne Frank facts

Anne Frank factsAnne Frank in 1942, Photo Collection Anne Frank House

Full name: Annelies Marie Frank

Born: 12 June 1929

Hometown: Frankfurt, Germany

Occupation: Jewish diarist

Died: February 1945

Best known for: Her diary entries during World War II

Also known as: Anne Frank

 

Who was Anne Frank?

Anne Frank facts
Anne (right) pictured with her older sister, Margot in 1933. Photo Collection Anne Frank House.

Anne Frank was born in Germany in 1929 during a time when the country was troubled. Many people had lost their jobs and were becoming poorer and Adolf Hitler – the leader of the Nazi* party – was blaming Jews* for Germany’s problems.

Afraid for their safety, Anne’s parents moved the family to Holland when Anne was just four years old. Anne lived and went to school in Amsterdam, and had to learn Dutch. She made lots of friends, and spent her free time reading and playing table tennis.

But when World War II broke out, life for Anne and her family became much harder. The Nazis imposed strict rules on Jews, restricting the places they could visit, the shops they could use and even the schools they went to. Anne’s father lost his company, as Jewish people were no longer allowed to run their own businesses.

 

Anne Frank’s house

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 27890991729_583400056e_z.jpg
Anne Frank’s former hiding place is now a museum in Amsterdam. Copyright Anne Frank House, photographer Cris Toala Olivares.

In 1942, the Nazis wanted to take Anne’s elder sister, Margot, to Germany, but her family refused to be separated and went into hiding. Anne’s father had spent several months preparing a hiding place, in the backhouse of his company at Prinsengracht 263. Anne later named it the ‘Secret Annex’.

The Secret Annex was above the warehouse. The entrance to the Annex was later hidden behind a bookcase. Anne’s father, Otto Frank, enlisted help from four of his employees who worked at the office and who became known as ‘the helpers‘ — Miep Gies, Bep Voskuijl, Johannes Kleiman and Victor Krugler. The helpers brought the family food, clothing and other supplies while they were in hiding. The people working in the warehouse didn’t know about the people in hiding, except for Johannes Voskuijl, Bep’s father, who made the book case.

Anne Frank facts
Anne’s father, Otto, (middle) pictured with the four helpers who brought the family supplies while they were in hiding, in 1945. Photo Collection Anne Frank House.

The Franks were the first family to move into the Secret Annex. Soon after, another family moved in — Hermann and Auguste van Pels, and their son Peter. Later followed by Fritz Pfeffer.

 

The diary of Anne Frank

Anne Frank's Diary

Anne Frank’s first, red chequered diary. Photo Collection Anne Frank House.

 

On her 13th birthday, Anne was given a diary. She loved writing and dreamed of becoming a famous writer one day. She named her diary, Kitty.

Anne would write about everyday events in her diary; things that probably didn’t seem that important at the time, but that have helped us form a picture of what life was like during this incredibly difficult time in history.

She wrote about what she ate, the film stars that she admired, the books she read, and the arguments she would have with her mother. She also wrote about being in hiding, the fears and difficulties, and how she longed to go outside. 

 

“Footsteps in the house, the private office, the kitchen, then… on the staircase. All sounds of breathing stopped, eight hearts pounded… Then we heard a can fall, and the footsteps receded. We were out of danger, so far!”

– An extract from Anne’s diary

When in hiding, the Franks, the van Pels and Fritz Pfeffer had to be incredibly careful to ensure they weren’t discovered. For example, they weren’t allowed to flush the toilet during the day in case the warehouse workers heard them, and Anne was only rarely allowed to open a window. She could never go outside, either.

 

How did Anne Frank die?

On 4th August 1944, the Nazis raided the Prinsengracht 263 and found the hiding place. They took the 8 people in hiding to Westerbork – a camp that held Jewish people and others captive – in Holland. A month later, they were sent to Auschwitz, a larger concentration camp* in Poland. Men and women were separated. Eventually, Anne and her sister Margot were separated from their mother and sent to another concentration camp Bergen-Belsen, on a crowded train.

Conditions at the camp were extremely poor. It was cold and wet, there was little food to eat and disease was common. Anne and Margot both died at the camp in February 1945 — just a few months before the end of World War II. It is believed that they died of a disease called typhus.

Anne and Margot’s mother, Edith, also died at Auschwitz. Their father Otto was the only survivor of the eight people in hiding in the Secret Annex.

 

Anne Frank’s story

Anne Frank facts

Anne’s diary was saved by one of the helpers, Miep. When Anne’s father Otto – the only surviving member of the Frank family – returned to Amsterdam at the end of the war, he received his daughter’s diary from Miep, at the day he heard that Anne and Margot died in Bergen-Belsen. He started to read Anne’s diary and published it, making Anne’s dream of becoming a writer a reality. The diary was published in 1947, titled: The Secret Annex.

Since its publication, Anne Frank’s diary has sold millions of copies around the world and has been translated into more than 70 languages. It remains an important account of the treatment that Jewish people suffered at the hands of the Nazis. Otto hoped that his daughter’s diary would educate readers on the dangers of hatred against others, prejudice and discrimination.

In 1960, with the help of Otto, the former hiding place opened its doors as a museum, named the Anne Frank House. Each year, it is visited by more than 1.2 million people from around the world, wanting to learn more about Anne Frank’s life story.

*The Jews are people born into a Jewish family or practice the religion of Judaism.
*The Nazis were a group of people who followed the ideas of a German leader named Adolf Hitler.
*Concentration camps were places where Nazis held Jews and others. Many people lost their lives in camps due to the harsh treatment they faced, like being forced to work, and the lack of food, space and healthcare. Auschwitz, the largest concentration camp complex was based in Poland.

What did you think of our Anne Frank facts? Leave a comment below and let us know!

Image credits: ©Anne Frank House

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COMMENTS

  • Anne Frank fan❤️

    Epic I loved every second of reading it

  • Sophie

    very educational even though its summer and I should be reading a book this is better

  • solat25

    suprising

  • wowwww

  • Char Dogga

    it was great

  • Wow she must have been SOOO brave.

  • Diamond

    In fact it was very nice and interesting to read.

  • Luckymoon PRO

    I love it!

  • Luckymoon PRO

    Anne Frank is so interesting

  • Archie

    The Nazis did not deserve to live.

  • Blossom

    I love learning about Anne Frank she is so inspiring

  • Allirra

    It’s okay

  • mariaml6

    super cool and very interesting

  • Skulduggery Pleasant

    I loved reading the dairy of Anne Frank. To be honest, i think it was one of the best books i’ve read. This web page was interesting, and hopefully this web page will encourage kids to read and discover the amazing story of a victim of WW2.

  • Christan

    This was interesting since this information held more and better facts than my other friends have told about Anne Frank.

  • Cutie

    REALLY USEFULL DUDE

  • Benithi

    I loved it soooooo much

  • Delilah

    It's an amazing story

  • Rose

    Fascinating

  • KYE

    cool

  • Rosheen

    Really useful!

  • zyrian

    that's sad and happy

  • this is very cool.

  • sad

  • doglover

    Its really sad how anne died but loved her diary

  • ben

    it was epic that ann lived there so long!

  • Sad

  • leanne

    anne frank is so intresting to discover

  • Cool story.

  • Cool.

  • anahera

    that was awesome and is was so sad

  • anonymous

    wow what a sad but interesting story

  • Hi

    So sad

  • Quinn

    I feel very sad for Anne Frank.

  • WIWI

    What a sad history

  • Tiggy

    What a sad story on a poor young girl. Good thing that Anne dad survived and published it!

  • lyla

    it so sad how she died but now we know history

  • lilo

    W̷O̷W̷

  • Mia

    WOW She was so optimistic !

  • huierowghyu5hg

    awesome i loved it

  • this was very informational and sad

  • rose#cool

    i love it thank you for the help

  • Tim

    This is great.l love it

  • Te Ikiwa

    This a good website because it can tell you about true things.

  • Cook

    Wow

  • Abigail

    That story sounds great

  • morgan8621

    that was amazing

  • Amy

    it was great loved it

  • Vincent

    She is so brave, I aspire to be like her.

  • Megan .rexx

    a very wonderful and inspirational story about a life of a little girl

  • ISABELLA

    FASANATING

  • Smartyash

    Nice facts

  • LEILA

    She was a very sad girl :)

  • Emma

    This was very informational and sad .

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