This primary resource uncovers some of the mysteries of Stonehenge. Discover more about life in Stone Age Britain. What legends exist about the stones? How are people trying to uncover the truth? What evidence has been found at the site?

Pupils will learn about the different theories that Stonehenge suggests about Stone Age ceremonies, architecture and diet in our National Geographic Kids’ Stonehenge primary resource sheet.

The teaching resource can be used in study group tasks about interpreting evidence, as a printed handout for each pupil to review and annotate, or for display on the interactive whiteboard, as part of a class reading exercise examining the New Stone Age.

Activity: Ask children to design their own stone structure in the style of Stonehenge and explain its purpose and how it might be made. On a printed handout, pupils could highlight all the theories within the resource in one colour, and all the facts in another colour. How can they tell fact from theory?


N.B. The following information for mapping the resource documents to the school curriculum is specifically tailored to the English National Curriculum and Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. We are currently working to bring specifically tailored curriculum resource links for our other territories; including South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. If you have any queries about our upcoming curriculum resource links, please email:


This History primary resource assists with teaching the following History objectives from the National Curriculum:

  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind.
  • Know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world. 
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales. 

National Curriculum Key Stage 1 History objective:  

  • Pupils should be taught significant historical events, people and places in their own locality

National Curriculum Key Stage 2 History objective:

  • Pupils should be taught about changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age


This History primary resource assists with teaching the following Social Studies Early level objective from the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence:

  • I am aware that different types of evidence can help me to find out about the past

Scottish Curriculum for Excellence First level Social Studies objective:

  • I understand that evidence varies in the extent to which it can be trusted and can use this in learning about the past

Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Third level Social Studies objective: 

  • I can use my knowledge of a historical period to interpret the evidence and present an informed view

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