This primary resource features eight fascinating facts about caves. Where are there ice caves filled with hot springs? What unique feature do many cave-dwelling fish have? What animals lived in Britain’s caves during the Ice Age?

This teaching resource can be used in classroom discussions and study group tasks about caves and rock formations. It can be used as a printed handout for each pupil to review and annotate, or for display on the interactive whiteboard for class discussion.

Download the resource at the bottom of this page, together with a stimulus sheet featuring ideas for study group tasks and classroom activities!


N.B. The following information for mapping the resource documents to the school curriculum is specifically tailored to the English National Curriculum and Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. We are currently working to bring specifically tailored curriculum resource links for our other territories; including South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. If you have any queries about our upcoming curriculum resource links, please email:


This Cave Facts primary resource assists with teaching the following Geography objectives from the National Curriculum:

  • The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time.

National Curriculum Key Stage 1 Geography objective:

Pupils should be taught to:

  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather.

National Curriculum Key Stage 2 Geography objective:

  • Describe and understand key aspects of: physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle.

This Cave Facts primary resource assists with teaching the following Science objectives from the National Curriculum:

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them.

National Curriculum Key Stage 2 (Year 3) Science objective:

Pupils should be taught to:

  • Describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock.

This Cave Facts primary resource assists with teaching the following Social Studies First level objective from the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence:

  • By exploring a natural environment different from my own, I can discover how the physical features influence the variety of living things.

Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Third level Social Studies objectives:

  • Having investigated processes which form and shape landscapes, I can explain their impact on selected landscapes in Scotland, Europe and beyond.

Scottish Curriculum for Excellence Fourth level Social Studies objectives:

  • I can explain how the interaction of physical systems shaped and continue to shape the Earth’s surface by assessing their impact on contrasting landscape types.

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