Wrap up warm, gang, because we’re off on an icy adventure to the Arctic in our ten brrr-illiant Arctic facts!

Arctic facts

Arctic facts

1. The Arctic is located at the northernmost part of our planet. Scientists usually define the Arctic as the area above the ‘Arctic Circle’ — an imaginary line that circles around the top of the globe.

2. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, the USA, Greenland, Norway, Finland, Sweden and Iceland.

Did you know that we have a FREE downloadable North and South Pole primary resource? Great for teachers, homeschoolers and parents alike!

Arctic facts

3. Because of the Earth’s tilt, for at least one day a year there’s an entire day of darkness in this freezing region — and also a full day of sunshine. Imagine that!

4. Temperatures as low as –70°C have been recorded in northern Greenland. Brrrrr!

Arctic facts

5. Despite the freezing-cold temperatures, approximately four million people call this wintery wonderland home! Amongst these are the indigenous people of the Arctic, called the ‘Inuits‘. They’ve found ingenious ways to survive in one of the harshest environments on our planet.

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6. In 1958, a submarine called the USS Nautilus sailed beneath the frozen ice of the Arctic Ocean. This was proof that the enormous ice sheet rests on water and not land.

Arctic facts

7. The Arctic is home to lots of wonderful wildlife, including polar bears, Arctic foxes, walruses, seals and whales!

8. One fascinating species found only in the Arctic is the narwhal, often referred to as the ‘unicorn of the sea’. Why? Well, male narwhals have a straight tusk projecting from the front of their head that can grow to over 3m in length!

Arctic facts

9. The word ‘Arctic’ comes from the Greek word for bear, Arktos. But this isn’t because of the polar bears! It’s believed the name refers to two constellations that can be seen in the northern sky — ‘Ursa Minor’ (Little Bear) and ‘Ursa Major’ (Great Bear).

10. The ice of the Arctic contains around ten percent of the world’s fresh water. This giant, white, frozen reservoir reflects sunlight, helping keep the region cool. It also plays a super-important role in keeping our global climate stable.

Arctic facts

Did you know that we have a FREE downloadable polar bear primary resource? Great for teachers, homeschoolers and parents alike!

Images: Getty

What did you make of our Arctic facts? Let us know by leaving a comment, below!




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  • Devante

    there are so many interesting facts here

  • violet

    doing presentation on arctic fox really helpful

  • georgia

    this helped me write my eassay thanks!

  • Joshu


  • WOW

  • yay

  • cat


  • Jef

  • Alyssa


  • adam.ismail

    this helped me alot

  • Livasa

    I like it

  • Avabella

    COOL Wow It's amazing! Avabella

  • Awesome

  • J.A

    Thank you, this helped me so much in my homework.

  • Cici


  • loulou

    I never new that!!!!!!!

  • Lenny

    Thank you so much, this helped sooo much with my science program.

  • i love it

  • baby

    omg sooooooooo cute

  • hazel


  • Lol

  • Samuel


  • Juliana

    I love the Arctic